Opinion | Do College Rankings Serve Applicants Well?

Opinion | Do College Rankings Serve Applicants Well?

Editor’s note: In this Future View, students discuss college rankings. Next week we’ll ask, “Most men’s single-sex colleges went co-ed long ago. But what about women’s colleges? Vassar began admitting men in 1969, and now Notre Dame of Maryland University, a women’s college, has abruptly announced it would begin admitting male undergraduates next fall. Should single-sex colleges still exist?” Students should click here to submit opinions of fewer than 250 words before Sept. 27. The best responses will be published that night. Click here to submit a video to our Future View Snapchat show.

College rankings don’t matter. In reality, colleges are so different that they cannot be compared. Some rankings are based on post-college careers, funding, applicant numbers and acceptance rates. Others detail where to find the most beautiful campus, best food and nicest housing. How can you weigh all these factors to create a single ranking scale?

When deciding where to go to college, students have to consider what is most important to them. Do you want a big public sports school in the South? Do you want a small private liberal-arts college in New England? Do you want the prestige of the Ivy League? Every student will weight colleges’ attributes differently, and relying only on rankings may produce the wrong school. Administrators should focus on other means of attracting students and stop caring so much about the oversimplifed ranking numbers.

—Ryan Hagerman, Quinnipiac University, political science

Would You Choose the 300th Ranked School Over the 10th?

The U.S. has over 5,000 colleges and universities. Students and their families need some way to compare them. While university rankings aren’t the only thing people should consider when picking a school, they are an important factor for many students and their families. It may be taboo to admit you picked your school for its ranking, but most students will go to one of the top-ranked institutions to which they are accepted. This is because, though the ranking system isn’t perfect, it does offer important information. The difference between the 100th and 110th ranked schools may be essentially meaningless, but the gap between the 500th and 2,000th isn’t.

—Eamon Collins, Iowa State University, computer engineering

Unhealthy Competition

A student’s college decision is highly individual, influenced by financial, social, educational and personal factors. Numerical rankings say nothing about whether a college is a good fit for a student and can never accurately capture a school’s quality.

Instead, ranked lists fuel a culture of elitism and one-upmanship that affects students’ college decisions. Lists such as the U.S. News Rankings are pervasive and lend to a culture that pushes high-achieving students to constantly compete with one another. Whether it’s really better, getting into a higher ranked school gives students a way to outdo one another. This illusion of prestige is profitable, giving universities incentive to try to climb higher in the rankings.

When Columbia recently admitted that it had submitted fraudulent data to U.S. News’s college rankings, it should have been a wake-up call to students that it doesn’t matter whether your college is highly ranked.

—Lillian Ali, Northwestern University, journalism

They Aren’t the End-All, But They Aren’t Nothing

College rankings absolutely matter. While they are not the end-all of college choice, they are a measure of a school’s quality. They include such important factors as the teacher-to-student ratio, rate of graduation, extent of alumni network and endowment. These measures are imperfect, but a good ranking tends to match a good overall experience.

Rankings’ imperfections are hardly a burden. Students have access to all sorts of information about their prospective schools outside of these numbers. Of course, student life includes so much more than what the rankings encompass: You can participate in research, work in internships, join design teams or campus organizations, work as teaching assistants and gain other experience. Rankings may not include that information, but they also aren’t stopping anyone from researching those opportunities.

The ranking of your school does not define who you are, but it is a part of your academic and professional career.

—Rafael Arbex-Murut, University of California, Berkeley, information and data science

Nothing Changes

The fact that Columbia falsified its data shows that the importance of these rankings is grossly overestimated. The scandal shows that Columbia’s administrators seem to think the school is untouchable, that consequences don’t apply to them. And they are not wrong. Columbia dropped 16 spots once the news of its cheating broke, but that is unlikely to have an impact on its next application pool. Students will still compete to attend the school for its prestigious Ivy League status. Even if Columbia now looks slightly worse in national rankings, its reputation as a top-tier institution will compensate for this blemish on its record.

—Jackson Walker, University of Wisconsin-Madison, journalism and English

Rankings Don’t Help You Find Where You Belong

All students want to attend the strongest school they can earn their way into. That being said, university rankings take a back seat to students’ visions of themselves on campus—particularly, the social, economic and extracurricular opportunities a university might offer. Unless a student is specifically determined to go to a top-ranked school, it is much more important for a college to develop and advertise specific resources for classes, work and recreation. Contrary to popular belief, university is not, and was never intended to function as, an elaborate job-training program. Rather, a university’s purpose is to develop well-rounded young adults who are capable, competitive and contributive.

Today’s students arrive at their dorms with high competence in a variety of extracurricular activities, from policy debate to soccer. Their penchant for squandering these nascent talents with incessant partying is directly related to a university’s failure to provide opportunities and resources that would make use of those skills while conferring on the student a sense of meaning and belonging—not only on campus, but in society.

Significant and necessary aspects of undergraduate life are the personal connections one makes and the activities in which one partakes. These are as integral to career development as hard skills. An alienated student with high grades will be worse off than a socialized student with solid grades. Universities should focus on assimilating students into adulthood. That is what students want, regardless of ranking.

—Joseph Tierney V, Marquette University, economics and real estate

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